Shone’s Complex is a rare congenital heart disease consisting of four defects. There have only been about 50 reported cases since 1999.
- Coarctation of the Aorta – a narrowing or constriction of the aorta, the large vessel that carries blood from the heart to the body tissues
- Valvular and Subvalvular Aortic Stenosis – a narrowing of the valve and the channel below the aortic valve connecting the left ventricle to the aorta (additional forms of aortic stenosis may also be present)
- “Parachute” Mitral Valve – a malformation of the mitral valve, the valve between the left atrium and left ventricle, in which the two valve leaflets are attached to one papillary muscle rather than two and remain close together. This results in a narrowing of the valve opening (mitral stenosis), obstructing blood flow and causing the valve to resemble a parachute in appearance.
- Supravalvar Mitral Membrane (SVMM), or mitral ring - an abnormal ridge or membrane of connective tissue around the circumference of the mitral valve on the atrial side that may protrude into the valve opening and/or adhere to the valve leaflets. Variable in size, this ring may obstruct blood flow through the mitral valve into the left ventricle.
There is a broad spectrum of symptoms, treatments, and outcomes for Shone’s Complex depending on the severity and number of defects. There are also incomplete forms of the disease in which only two or three of these defects are present, and cases in which other congenital heart defects also occur (e.g. patent ductus arteriosus, interrupted aortic arch, bicuspid aortic valve, atrial septal defect, ventricular septal defect).
1. Parachute Mitral Valve
2. Supravalvar Mitral Membrane
3. Subaortic Stenosis
4. Coarctation of the Aorta